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buscar esse táxon em outros sistemas Paratrigona opaca (Cockerell, 1917)
Common Names: "mirim-sem-brilho", "mierdeperro"

Trigona opaca Cockerell, T. D. A (1917). New social bees. Psyche 24: 120-128 [126] .
Type data: holotype USNM 23166 <M> male , paratype AMNH <M> male.information about the "cotype" in Schwarz, 1948: 376.
Type locality: Tabernilla, Canal Zone, Panama, VII.1907, A. Busck leg..

Distribution

Nearctic Region: Mexico (Chiapas); Neotropical Region: Colombia (Boyaca, Cundinamarca, Meta, Santander); Costa Rica (Limón, Puntarenas, San José); Ecuador (Napo); Guatemala (Alta Verapaz); Panama Canal Zone

References

Ayala, R. (1999). Revision de las abejas sin aguijon de Mexico (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Folia Entomológica Mexicana 106: 1-123 [5] (as Trigona opaca, list)
Bequaert, J. C. (1943). Stingless bees nesting in association with ants (Hymenoptera). Bull. Brooklyn Entomol. Soc. 38: 141 [141] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca, nesting site: in colony of Dolichoderus (Monacis) bispinosus, geographic record - citation [according to Schwarz, 1948: 377])
Camargo, J. M. F. & J. S. Moure (1994). Meliponinae Neotropicais: Os gêneros Paratrigona Schwarz, 1938 e Aparatrigona Moure, 1951 (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Arq. Zool. (São Paulo) 32 (2): 33-109 [33, 35, 36, 37, 39, 40, 41, 44-50, 86-88, 90, 92-94, 96] (biogeography, key, synonymy, taxonomy, diagnosis, geographic records, geographic range, nesting site: arboreal ant nests: Dolichoderus bispinosus, Camponotus senex, active or abandoned, or exposed arboreal - citation, phylogeny, figures: worker, male)
Camargo, J. M. F. & J. S. Moure (1996). Meliponini Neotropicais: o gênero Geotrigona Moure, 1943 (Apinae, Apidae, Hymenoptera), com especial referência à filogenia e biogeografia. Arq. Zool. (São Paulo) 33 (3): 95-161 [103] (geographic range: peltata-opaca group)
Cornaby, B. W. (1974). Carrion reduction by animals in contrasting tropical habitats. Biotropica 6 (1): 51-63 [61] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca, geographic record, list, carrion visiting: lizards)
Cornelius, C. (1875). Eine südamerikanische stachellose Honigbiene (Melipona). Verh. Naturhist. Ver. Preuss. Rheinl. Westfal. 32 (ser. 4, vol. 2): 184-185 [184, 185] (? uncertain identity, as Trigona lineata, colony transference, nesting site: stems of Haematoxylum campechianum - according to Schwarz, 1948: 163, 164, 363)
Darchen, R. & Louis, J. (1961). Les mélipones et leur élevage Melipona - Trigona - Lestremelitta [sic]. Annales de L’Abeille 4 (I): 5-39 [22] (brood comb construction)
Gonzalez, V. H. & Griswold, T. L. (2011). Two new species of Paratrigona and the male of Paratrigona ornaticeps (Hymenoptera, Apidae). ZooKeys 120: 9-25 [9, 20-21, 22] (geographic records, nesting site: inside ant nest, geographic range)
Gonzalez, V. H. & Vélez, D. (2007). Una especie nueva de Paratrigona (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Meliponini), con una sinopsis del género en Colombia. Bol. Mus. Ent. Valle 8 (2): 9-13 [11, 12] (geographic records (?partim, except Meta, Villavicencio))
Griswold, T., Parker, F. D. & Hanson, P. E. (1995). The bees (Apidae) pp. 650-691 in Hanson, P. E. & Gauld, I. D. (ed.) The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. London: Natural History Museum 893 pp. [682, 684, 690] (nest characteristics, list; as Paratrigona peltata, nesting site: aerial nests of Camponotus senex, nest characteristics, list)
Kerr, W. E., Sakagami, S. F., Zucchi, R., Portugal Araújo, V. & Camargo, J. M. F. (1967). Observações sôbre a arquitetura dos ninhos e comportamento de algumas espécies de abelhas sem ferrão das vizinhanças de Manaus, Amazonas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Atas do Simpósio sôbre a Biota Amazônica 5: 255-309 [273] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca, nesting site: in colony of Dolichoderus (Monacis) bispinosus, geographic record - citation)
Laroca, S. & Almeida, M. C. (1989). Coexistência entre abelhas sem ferrão e formigas: ninho de Paratrigona myrmecophila (Apidae) construído em ninho de Camponotus senex (Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 6(4): 671-680 [671, 672, 679] (coexistence: Camponotus senex, defense behavior, citation; as Paratrigona peltata peltata, nesting site: aerial nests of Camponotus senex, nest characteristics, citation)
Lutz, F. E. & Cockerell, T. D. A (1920). Notes on distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42: 491-641 [499] (as Trigona opaca, geographic record, citation)
Michener, C. D. (1954). Bees of Panamá. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 104 (1): 5-175 [167] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca opaca, synonymy, geographic record)
Michener, C. D. (1974). The social behavior of the bees. Cambridge: Belknap Press, Harvard University Press 404+xii pp. [331] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) peltata, nesting site: in ant nest: Camponotus senex)
Michener, C. D. (1990). Classification of the Apidae (Hymenoptera). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 54 (4): 75-164 [95, 105, 116] (figures, taxonomic note, list)
Michener, C. D. (2000). The bees of the World. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press 913 pp. [796] (taxonomic note)
Moure, J. S. (1963). Sôbre a identidade dos meliponinos descritos por Spinola em 1853 (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. (Rio de Janeiro) 35 (2): 257-269 [265, 266] (as Paratrigona (Paratrigona) opaca opaca, geographic range, taxonomic notes)
Moure, J. S. (1989). Duas espécies novas de Paratrigona da região Amazônica (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 6 (3): 443-448 [443, 445, 446] (taxonomic notes, nesting site: in colony of Dolichoderus)
Nates Parra, G. (1983). Abejas de Colombia: I. Lista preliminar de algunas especies de abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae). Revista de Biologia Tropical 31 (1): 155-158 [156] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca, folk name: "mierdeperro", geographic records)
Nates-Parra, G. (2001). Las abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 2 (3): 233-248 [239, 246] (partim [except Meta], geographic records, altitudinal records, synonymy, citation)
Nates Parra, G. & Cepeda, O. I. (1983). Comportamiento defensivo en algunas especies de meliponinos colombianos (Hymenoptera: Meliponinae). Bol. Depto. Biol. Univ. Nac. Colombia 1 (5): 65-82 [69, 74] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca and Paratrigona opaca, defense behavior, nest characteristics, behavior)
Nates- Parra, G., González-B, V. H. & Ospina- Torres, R. (1999). Descripcion de los machos y anotaciones sobre la biología de Paratrigona anduzei y P. eutaeniata (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) en Colombia. Caldasia 21(2): 174-183 [174] (list)
Nogueira-Neto, P. (1997). Vida e criação de abelhas indígenas sem ferrão. São Paulo: Editora Nogueirapis 1-446 pp. [380, 381] (nesting site: in colonies of Dolichoderus bispinosus - citation, folk name: "mirim-sem-brilho"; as Paratrigona peltata, nesting site: in colonies of Camponotus senex - citation, folk name: "mirim-sem-brilho")
Pedro, S. R. M. & Camargo, J. M. F. (2003). Meliponini neotropicais: o gênero Partamona Schwarz, 1939 (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 47 (Supl. 1): 1-117 [5] (taxonomic note)
Roubik, D. W. (1983). Nest and colony characteristics of stingless bees from Panamá (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 53 (6): 327-355 [330, 335, 339, 342, 343, 346, 347] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca opaca, nest characteristics, nesting site: around lianas, exposed, nest population)
Roubik, D. W. (1992). Stingless Bees: A guide to Panamanian and Mesoamerican species and their nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae) pp. 495-524 in Quintero, D. & A. Aiello (ed.) Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. Selected Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press 692 pp. [502, 509, 513, 516, 523] (as Paratrigona opaca opaca, key, figures, geographic range, diagnosis, taxonomic note, nesting site: outside of tree, within rootlets of epiphytic bromeliads - citation, nest entrance, defense behavior)
Roubik, D. W. (2000). The de-flowering of Central America: a current perspective pp. 144-151 in International Bee Research Association (ed.) Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates. Cardiff: IBRA [146] (list, partim: specimens from Panama)
Sakagami, S. F., Inoue, T., Yamane, S. & Salmah, S. (1989). Nests of the myrmecophilous stingless bee, Trigona moorei: how do bees initiate their nest within an arboreal ant nest?. Biotropica 21 (3): 265-274 [265, 266] (as Trigona peltata peltata and Trigona opaca, association with ants, citation)
Schwarz, H. F. (1938). The stingless bees (Meliponidae) of British Guiana and some related forms. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 74: 437-508 [448, 489-494] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca variety opaca, partim: Canal Zone - Panamá, Guatemala, Colombia, synonymy, geographic records, altitudinal record, nesting site: in colony of Dolichoderus trispinosus, taxonomy)
Schwarz, H. F. (1948). Stingless bees (Meliponidae) of the Western Hemisphere. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 90: xvii+546 [16,29,48,67, 116,164,347, 348,351,355,356, 358,371-384,387] (390, 392, 393, 396, 397, 399, 400, 404; as Trigona (Paratrigona) variety opaca, partim: Canal Zone - Panama, Guatemala, Colombia, nesting site: in abandoned nest of Azteca occupied by a colony of Dolichoderus (Monacis) bispinosus (Olivier), in stems of Haematoxylum campechianum, brood combs construction, development - citation, hamuli, key, taxonomy, figures, synonymy, diagnosis, description: worker, male (from Schwarz, 1938), flower records: Haematoxylum campechianum, Veronica speciosa, - citation, geographic records; as Trigona (Paratrigona) lineata [citation of Cornelius and Tomaschek])
Smith-Pardo, A. H. (2003). A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 76 (2): 335-341 [338] (list)
Tomaschek, A. (1879). Ein Schwarm der amerikanischen Bienenart Trigona lineata Lep. lebend in Europa. Zool. Anz. 2: 582-587 [582-587] (? uncertain identity, as Trigona lineata, colony transference, nesting site: stems of Haematoxylum campechianum - according to Schwarz, 1948: 163, 164, 363)
Tomaschek, A. (1880). Ein Schwarm der amerikanischen Bienenart Trigona lineata Lep. lebend in Europa. Zool. Anz. 3: 60-65 [60-65] (? uncertain identity, as Trigona lineata, colony transference, nesting site: stems of Haematoxylum campechianum [according to Schwarz, 1948: 163, 164, 363] brood comb construction, development, nest temperature, flower records: Haematoxylum campechianum, Veronica speciosa [according to Schwarz, 1948])
Vergara, C. B., Villa, A. L. & Nates-Parra, G. (1986). Nidificación de meliponinos (Hymenoptera: Apidae) de la región central de Colombia. Revista de Biologia Tropical 34(2): 181-184 [182, 183] (as Paratrigona (Paratrigona) opaca, geographic records, nesting sites: cavities in trees, artificial cavities in walls and roofs, nest characteristics, altitudinal records)
Villa, A. & Vergara, C. (1982). Contribución al estudio de los hábitos de nidificación de algunas especies de abejas nativas sin aguijón (Hymenóptera, Apidae). Scientia 1 (2): 147-163 [150, 153, 156, 158, 162] (as Paratrigona (Paratrigona) opaca, geographic records, nesting sites: tree cavities, artificial cavities in walls and roofs, nest characteristics, altitudinal records, figure: nest)
Wille, A. & C. D. Michener (1973). The nest architecture of stingless bees with special reference to those of Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 21 (Suplemento 1): 1-278 [12,22,31,33,45, 56,68,82,83,89, 144-149,154-155,265,268] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) peltata peltata, synonymy, nesting site: in ant nests, in aerial Camponotus senex nest, nest characteristics, defense behavior, figures: nest, honey, evolutionary level)
Wille, A., Orozco, E. & Raabe, C. (1983). Polinización del chayote Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz en Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 31 (1): 145-154 [146] (as Trigona (Paratrigona) opaca opaca, pollination: Sechium edule (Cucurbitaceae), geographic record)

How to cite this page
J. M. F. Camargo & S. R. M. Pedro, 2013. Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. In Moure, J. S., Urban, D. & Melo, G. A. R. (Orgs). Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region - online version. Available at http://www.moure.cria.org.br/catalogue. Accessed Mar/24/2019

Online since: 23 Jul 2008
Last update : 17 Jun 2013

APIDAE ›› Apinae ›› Meliponini ›› Paratrigona