buscar esse táxon em outros sistemas Trigona nigerrima Cresson, 1878
Common Names: "zagaño", "enredapelos", "morroco", "joloncán"

Trigona nigerrima Cresson, E. T. (1878). Descriptions of new species of North American bees. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phila. 30: 181-182 [181] .
Type data: holotype ANSP 2173 <F> worker.
Type locality: Mexico.


Nearctic Region: Mexico (Guerrero, Oaxaca, Tabasco, Veracruz-Llave); Neotropical Region: Belize; Colombia (Chocó, Santander, Valle del Cauca); Costa Rica (Alajuela, Limón, Puntarenas, San José); Ecuador; Guatemala (Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, Izabal, Retalhuleu, Santa Rosa, Suchitepéquez); Honduras (Cortés, Francisco Morazán, Olancho, Valle); Panama (Chiriquí, Coclé, Colón, Panamá); Panama Canal Zone


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Cockerell, T. D. A (1949). Bees from Central America, principally Honduras. Proc. U.S. Nat. Mus. 98: 429-490 [489] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, geographic records, taxonomic note)
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Dalla Torre C. G. de (1896). Catalogus Hymenopterorum; Hucusque Descriptorum Systematicus et Synonymicus. Leipzig: Engelmann Vol. 10 viii+1–643 pp. [581] (as Melipona nigerrima, list)
Francke, P. (1997). Melittophily and mellitochory: the expansion of the ecological role of stingless bees. Pegone 5: 5-7 [6] (collecting: gleba, fungi, citation)
Friese, H. (1916). Zur bienenfauna von Costa Rica (Hym.). Stett. Entomol. Ztg. 77: 287-348 [288, 299] (list, geographic record)
Griswold, T., Parker, F. D. & Hanson, P. E. (1995). The bees (Apidae) pp. 650-691 in Hanson, P. E. & Gauld, I. D. (ed.) The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. London: Natural History Museum 893 pp. [659, 683, 685, 690] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, crop damaging: Citrus, macadamia, mango, palms, rambutam, citation, exposed nest, list)
Heard, T. A. (1999). The role of stingless bees in crop pollination. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 44: 183-206 [194, 197] (flower record: Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae), Persea americana (Lauraceae), citation)
Michener, C. D. (1954). Bees of Panamá. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 104 (1): 5-175 [166] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, synonymy, geographic records)
Michener, C. D. (1974). The social behavior of the bees. Cambridge: Belknap Press, Harvard University Press 404+xii pp. [331, 333] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, exposed nest, figure: nest)
Michener, C. D. (1990). Classification of the Apidae (Hymenoptera). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 54 (4): 75-164 [128] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, list)
Michener, C. D. & Roubik, D. W. (1993). Observations on the labium of meliponine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) pp. 251-265 in Inoue, T. & Yamane, S. (ed.) Evolution of insect societies: Comparative sociology of bees, wasps and ants. Tokyo: Hakuhin-sha Publishing Co. [260] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, morphology, labium)
Michener, C. D., Winston, M. L. & Jander, R. (1978). Pollen manipulation and related activities and structures in bees of the family Apidae. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 51 (19): 575-601 [578, 581, 582, 583, 584, 588, 590] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, geographic record, pollen foraging behavior, pollen foraging: Hedychium coronarium, figures)
Nates-Parra, G. (2001). Las abejas sin aguijón (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini) de Colombia. Biota Colombiana 2 (3): 233-248 [240] (? uncertain identity, as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, partim: except Amazonas, Meta and Vaupés, geographic range, altitudinal reord)
Oliveira, M. L. & Morato, E. F. (2000). Stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Meliponini) feeding on stinkhorn spores (Fungi, Phallales): robbery or dispersal?. Rev. Bras. Zool. 17 (3): 881-884 [881] (spores and exudates collecting: Dictyophora (Fungi), citation)
Parra, G. (1984). Censo parcial de las abejas sin aguijon (Apidae-Meliponinae) del Occidente Colombiano. Cespedesia 13 (49-50): 277-290 [285] (as Trigona (Trigona) cf. nigerrima, geographic record)
Pereboom, J. J. M. & Biesmeijer, J. C. (2003). Thermal constraints for stingless bee foragers: the importance of body size and coloration. Oecologia (Berl.) 137: 42-50 [43, 44] (body coloration, body size, thermal characteristics, phylogeny, citation)
Renner, S. (1983). The widespread occurrence of anther destruction by Trigona bees in Melastomataceae. Biotropica 15 (4): 251-256 [255] (flower, leaves damaging: Citrus, citation)
Roubik, D. W. (1983). Nest and colony characteristics of stingless bees from Panamá (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 53 (6): 327-355 [330,332, 334,338, 342,343, 345,346, 350,352] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, nesting site: exposed, on trunk of Ceiba petandra [!], geographic record, figures: nest, entrance, nest characteristics, nest construction: bee feces, honey, sugar concentration)
Roubik, D. W. (1989). Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. New York: Cambridge University Press 1-514 +x pp. [39, 105, 156, 202] (liquides and spores collecting: Dictyophora (Fungi, stinkhorn), intraspecific competition, foraging behavior, pollen illegitimate remotion: Hedychium, rotten wood collecting, nest construction)
Roubik, D. W. (1990). Nesting and defence in tropical honeybees and stingless bees: you are what eats you? pp. 662-663 in Veeresh, G. K., Mallik, B. & Viraktamath, C. A. (ed.) Social insects and the environment: proceedings of the 11th international congress of IUSSI, Bangalore, India. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. xxxi+765 pp. [662-663] (nest material, scutelum)
Roubik, D. W. (1992). Stingless Bees: A guide to Panamanian and Mesoamerican species and their nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae) pp. 495-524 in Quintero, D. & A. Aiello (ed.) Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. Selected Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press 692 pp. [504, 507, 515, 523] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, key, comparative note, geographic range, exposed nest, nest characteristic, folk name: "zagaño", "enredapelos", figure: hind leg)
Roubik, D. W. (1993). Direct costs of forest reproduction, bee-cycling and the efficiency of pollination modes. Journal of Biosciences 18 (4): 537-553 [548] (geographic range, nest density)
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Roubik, D. W. (2002). Feral African bees augment neotropical coffee yeld pp. 255-266 in Kevan, P. G. & Imperatriz-Fonseca, V. L. I. (ed.) Pollinating bees: The Conservation link between agriculture and nature. Brasilia: Ministry of Environment 313 pp. [255, 259] (flower visiting: Coffea arabica (Rubiaceae), behavior)
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Schwarz, H. F. (1948). Stingless bees (Meliponidae) of the Western Hemisphere. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 90: xvii+546 [115,200,201, 204,207,209, 257, 258,280-287,337] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, hamuli, comparative notes, keys: worker, queen, male, synonymy, diagnosis, description: worker, queen, male, note on type, taxonomy, collecting: on Citrus, flower record: Sclerocarpus divaricatus, flower damaging: Crotalaria agathiflora, altitudinal records, geographic records, geographic range, figures: mandible, hind leg, male)
Schwarz, H. F. (1949). The stingless bees (Meliponidae) of Mexico. An. Inst. Biol. Mex. 20 (1,2): 357-370 [363, 366] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, geographic records, key)
Smith-Pardo, A. H. (2003). A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 76 (2): 335-341 [338] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, list)
Vit, P., Medina, M. & Enríquez, M. E. (2004). Quality standards for medicinal uses of Meliponinae honey in Guatemala, Mexico and Venezuela. Bee World 85 (1): 2-5 [3] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, folk name: "joloncán", rearing)
Waddington, K. D., Herbst, L. H. & Roubik, D. W. (1986). Relationship between recruitment systems of stingless bees and whitin-nest worker size variation. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 59 (1): 95-102 [97] (morphometrics, communication)
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Wille, A. & C. D. Michener (1973). The nest architecture of stingless bees with special reference to those of Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 21 (Suplemento 1): 1-278 [15,26,36, 50,61,72, 90,91,231, 238-243, 265] (as Trigona (Trigona) nigerrima, nesting site: exposed in trees, geographic records, nest characteristics, nest construction: animal feces, figures: nest, honey characteristics)
Wille, A., Orozco, E. & Raabe, C. (1983). Polinización del chayote Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz en Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 31 (1): 145-154 [146] (geographic records, pollination: Sechium edule (Cucurbitaceae))

How to cite this page
J. M. F. Camargo & S. R. M. Pedro, 2013. Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. In Moure, J. S., Urban, D. & Melo, G. A. R. (Orgs). Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region - online version. Available at Accessed Jan/16/2019

Online since: 23 Jul 2008
Last update : 17 Jun 2013

APIDAE ›› Apinae ›› Meliponini ›› Trigona