buscar esse táxon em outros sistemas Scaptotrigona luteipennis (Friese, 1902)
Common Name: "tapacara"

Trigona bipunctata luteipennis Friese, H. (1902). Neue Meliponiden (Hym.). Z. Syst. Hymenopterol. Dipterol. 2: 382-383 [382] .
Type data: syntype USNM 23713 <F> worker (1).type examined by Roubik, 1992: 516. Ayala, 1999: 92, said having examined the type of "<I>S. luteipennis" </I>deposited in ZMB, from Campinas, Brazil [certainly it is not a syntype!] , syntype whereabouts unknown <F> worker (1).
Type locality: San Carlos, Costa Rica.

Trigona pachysoma Cockerell, T. D. A (1917). New social bees. Psyche 24: 120-128 [125] (junior subjective synonym) .
Type data: holotype USNM 23164 <F> worker.See Roubik, 1992: 516 , paratype USNM <F> workers (?).
Type locality: Porto Bello, Panama, 20.IV.1912, A. Busck leg..

Taxonomic Decision for Synonymy

Schwarz, H. F. (1934). The social bees (Meliponidae) of Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone. Am. Mus. Novit. 731: 1-23 [19]


Nearctic Region: Mexico (Chiapas); Neotropical Region: Costa Rica; El Salvador (San Salvador); Panama (Colón, Darién, Panamá); Panama Canal Zone


Ayala, R. (1999). Revision de las abejas sin aguijon de Mexico (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Folia Entomológica Mexicana 106: 1-123 [5, 91, 92] (type examined [?], comparative notes, notes on type [error])
Bego, L. R., Zucchi, R. & Mateus, S. (1991). Notas sobre a estratégia alimentar (cleptobiose) de Lestrimelitta limao Smith (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Meliponinae). Naturalia (São Paulo) 16: 119-127 [126] (as Scaptotrigona pachysoma, list, citation)
Cameron, S. A. (1993). Multiple origins of advanced eusociality in bees inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of 90: 8687-8691 [8682, 8689] (molecular analysis, DNA, phylogeny)
Chavarria, G. & Carpenter, J. M. (1994). "Total evidence" and the evolution of highly social bees. Cladistics 10: 229-258 [239, 240, 241, 242, 245, 248, 249, 255] (molecular analysis, DNA, morphological characters, phylogeny)
Costa, M. A., Del Lama, M. A., Melo, G. A. R. & Sheppard, W. S. (2003). Molecular phylogeny of the stingless bees (Apidae, Apinae, Meliponini) inferred from mitochondrial 16S rDNA sequences. Apidologie 34: 73-84 [75, 77, 78, 79, 80] (list, citation, molecular analysis, DNA, phylogeny)
Friese, H. (1916). Zur bienenfauna von Costa Rica (Hym.). Stett. Entomol. Ztg. 77: 287-348 [299, 348] (as Trigona bipunctata luteipennis, geographic record, taxonomic notes, comparative note)
Griswold, T., Parker, F. D. & Hanson, P. E. (1995). The bees (Apidae) pp. 650-691 in Hanson, P. E. & Gauld, I. D. (ed.) The Hymenoptera of Costa Rica. London: Natural History Museum 893 pp. [684, 690] (nesting site: in tree, nest characteristics, list)
Kerr, W. E. (1951). Bases para o estudo da genética de populações dos Hymenoptera em geral e dos Apinae sociais em particular. An. Esc. Sup. Agric. "Luiz de Queiroz" 8: 219-354 [273, 283] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) luteipennis and Trigona (Scaptotrigona) pachysoma, male aggregation, nest density, population, citation)
Lutz, F. E. (1924). Some characters of American Meliponidae pp. 202-232 in Lutz, F. E. Apparently non-selective characters and combinations of characters, including a study of ultraviolet in relation to the flower visiting habits of insects. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 29: 181–283 [214] (as Trigona bipunctata luteipennis, taxonomic character, tibia)
Lutz, F. E. & Cockerell, T. D. A (1920). Notes on distribution and bibliography of North American bees of the families Apidae, Meliponidae, Bombidae, Euglossidae, and Anthophoridae. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42: 491-641 [496, 499] (as Trigona bipunctata luteipennis and Trigona pachysoma, list, geographic record, citation)
Michener, C. D. (1946). Notes on the habits of some panamanian stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Apidae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 54 (3): 179-197 [180, 182, 189, 192] (as Trigona pachysoma, geographic record, nest density, nesting sites: in stone walls, tree trunks, nest entrance, nest characteristics, defense behavior, aggressiveness, parasite: phorid flies)
Michener, C. D. (1954). Bees of Panamá. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 104 (1): 5-175 [170] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) pachysoma, synonymy, geographic records)
Michener, C. D. (1990). Classification of the Apidae (Hymenoptera). Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 54 (4): 75-164 [100] (as Scaptotrigona pahysoma, figure: labial palpi)
Michener, C. D. & Roubik, D. W. (1993). Observations on the labium of meliponine bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) pp. 251-265 in Inoue, T. & Yamane, S. (ed.) Evolution of insect societies: Comparative sociology of bees, wasps and ants. Tokyo: Hakuhin-sha Publishing Co. [255, 257] (as Scaptotrigona pachysoma, morphology, labial palpi, figure)
Nogueira-Neto, P. (1950). Notas bionomicas sobre Meliponíneos (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). IV. Colônias mistas e questões relacionadas. Rev. Entomol. 8 (1-2): 305-367 [334] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) luteipennis, male aggregation, citation)
Nogueira-Neto, P. (1954). Notas bionômicas sôbre Meliponíneos III- Sôbre a enxameagem (Hymenoptera- Apoidea). Arquivos do Museu Nacional 42: 419-452 [426] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) luteipennis, nest aggregation, citation)
Roubik, D. W. (1983). Nest and colony characteristics of stingless bees from Panamá (Hymenoptera: Apidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 53 (6): 327-355 [327, 330, 335, 339, 345, 346-347, 348, 350, 353] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) pachysoma, nest aggregation, geographic records, nesting site: tree cavity, nest characteristics, nest population, pollen volume, defense behavior, honey, sugar concentration)
Roubik, D. W. (1989). Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. New York: Cambridge University Press 1-514 +x pp. [69, 86] (sucrose solution imbibing, flight range, pollen record: Cavanillesia platanifolia)
Roubik, D. W. (1990). Nesting and defence in tropical honeybees and stingless bees: you are what eats you? pp. 662-663 in Veeresh, G. K., Mallik, B. & Viraktamath, C. A. (ed.) Social insects and the environment: proceedings of the 11th international congress of IUSSI, Bangalore, India. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. xxxi+765 pp. [663] (nest aggregation)
Roubik, D. W. (1992). Stingless Bees: A guide to Panamanian and Mesoamerican species and their nests (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponinae) pp. 495-524 in Quintero, D. & A. Aiello (ed.) Insects of Panama and Mesoamerica. Selected Studies. Oxford: Oxford University Press 692 pp. [499, 516, 523] (key, synonymy, geographic range, diagnosis, note on types [T. luteipennis and T. pachysoma], comparative note, taxonomic notes, nesting site: tree cavity, and artificial cavities, aggressiveness, folk name: "tapacara")
Roubik, D. W. (1993). Direct costs of forest reproduction, bee-cycling and the efficiency of pollination modes. Journal of Biosciences 18 (4): 537-553 [548] (geographic range)
Roubik, D. W., Lobo Segura, J. A. & Camargo, J. M. F. (1997). New stingless bee genus endemic to Central American cloudforest: phylogenetic and biogeographic implications (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Meliponini). Syst. Entomol. 22: 67-80 [77] (figure: hairs of hind coxa)
Roubik, D. W. & Wolda, H. (2000). Male and female bee dynamics in a lowland tropical forest pp. 167-174 in International Bee Research Association (ed.) Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Apiculture in Tropical Climates. Cardiff: IBRA [168, 169, 171] (light traps, seasonality, relative abundance, males)
Roubik, D. W., Yanega, D., Aluja S., M., Buchmann, S. L. & Inouye, D. W. (1995). On optimal nectar foraging by some tropical bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Apidologie 26: 197-211 [199, 203, 204, 205] (nectar foraging, sugar concentration)
Sakagami, S. F., Roubik, D. W. & Zucchi, R. (1993). Ethology of the robber stingless bee, Lestrimelitta limao (Hymenoptera: Apidae). Sociobiology 21 (2): 237-277 [243, 260, 261] (raid: Lestrimelitta limao)
Schultz, T. R., Engel, M. S. & Prentice, M. (1999). Resolving conflict between morphological and molecular evidence for the origin of eusociality in the "corbiculate" bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae): a hypothesis-testing approach pp. 125-138 in Byers, G. W., Hagen, R. H. & Brooks, R. W. (ed.) Entomological contributions in memory of Byron A. Alexander. University of Kansas Natural History Museum Special Publications 24. Lawrence: University of Kansas Natural History Museum [130] (phylogeny, morphology, molecular analysis, citation)
Schwarz, H. F. (1934). The social bees (Meliponidae) of Barro Colorado Island, Canal Zone. Am. Mus. Novit. 731: 1-23 [19] (as Trigona postica luteipennis, synonymy, geographic records, taxonomic notes, comparative notes)
Schwarz, H. F. (1938). The stingless bees (Meliponidae) of British Guiana and some related forms. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 74: 437-508 [482] (as Trigona (Nannotrigona) luteipennis, synonymy, taxonomic note)
Schwarz, H. F. (1948). Stingless bees (Meliponidae) of the Western Hemisphere. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 90: xvii+546 [12, 57] (? uncertain identity, as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) luteipennis, geographic record, males aggregation; as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) pachysoma, nest density, citation)
Whitfield, J. B. & Cameron, S. A. (1998). Hierarchial analysis of variation in the mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene among Hymenoptera. Mol. Biol. Evol. 15 (12): 1728-1743 [1731, 1733, 1734, 1739] (list, genebank, citation, molecular analysis, DNA, phylogeny)
Wille, A. & C. D. Michener (1973). The nest architecture of stingless bees with special reference to those of Costa Rica. Rev. Biol. Trop. 21 (Suplemento 1): 1-278 [13, 22, 46, 68] (as Trigona (Scaptotrigona) pachysoma, nesting site: tree cavities, artificial cavities, nest characteristics, citation)

How to cite this page
J. M. F. Camargo & S. R. M. Pedro, 2013. Meliponini Lepeletier, 1836. In Moure, J. S., Urban, D. & Melo, G. A. R. (Orgs). Catalogue of Bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) in the Neotropical Region - online version. Available at Accessed Jan/16/2019

Online since: 23 Jul 2008
Last update : 17 Jun 2013

APIDAE ›› Apinae ›› Meliponini ›› Scaptotrigona